The EMS Handoff crew is joined by Tim Nowak, AAS, BS, NRP, CCEMTP, SPO, MPO, CADS. Tim is the founder and CEO of Emergency Medical Solutions, LLC, an EMS training and consulting company that he developed in 2010. Through this venture, he is the editor-in-chief of EMS Director magazine, a webinar/app-based continuing education content developer, columnist and blog writer, product developer, instructor and speaker, podcast guest and host, and a social media influencer on LinkedIn.
Tim is also the assistant chief of special operations with a county-wide EMS agency based in Florida, where he oversees the planning and logistics sections, special operations functions and community paramedicine programs for the agency.
This podcast, the EMS Handoff crew is going to review Nowak’s article, Training Day: 3 options for safely transporting your pediatric patient.
1. Pediatric transports can be challenging!
Safe versus Not Safe
- “Mom holding onto baby”
2. Best practices for pediatric transport in the ambulance
- The “Working Group Best-Practice Recommendations for the Safe Transport of Children in Emergency Ground Ambulances” https://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/nti/pdf/811677.pdf
- NHTSA 1999 “Dos and Don’ts of Transporting Children in an Ambulance” https://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/nti/pdf/811677.pdf
3. What is acceptable?
- Start with their own car seat
- Parents tend to keep up with their child’s growth
- What if it was in an accident?
- 2012 NHTSA document https://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/nti/pdf/811677.pdf
- No visible damage
Where do you place them in the vehicle?
4. Car Restraint Systems
- Inflatable car seats
- In-seat/ convertible restraint systems
- Contour-padded restraint systems
- Roll-out restraint systems
5. Four-point shoulder/ chest restrains
Pad the voids
- Use four-point straps
6. What is not acceptable
No one in the ambulance – parents, caregivers, medics or other passengers should be unrestrained during transport.
- Consider your options and plan ahead so you are prepared when faced with a pediatric patient.
7. 4 Safety considerations for Pediatric Transport
- Do tightly secure all monitoring devices and other equipment
- Do ensure available restraint systems are used by personnel and other occupants, including the patient.
- Do not have the child/infant held in the parent’s caregiver’s or EMS personnel’s arms or lap during transport.
Do not allow emergency vehicles to be operated by persons who have not completed an approved driving course.
“The next time you are completing your PCR, take a look at all of the transport options. Via stretcher leads the pack, but mom holding onto baby…. Well, it is not there for a reason…”